کشاورز ایرانی (مرکز ارائه خدمات جامع آموزش کشاورزی)

هدف ما بالابردن دانش و مهارت است www.iranfarmer.ir

یکشنبه 31 اردیبهشت 1391

Best Management Practices For Strawberries

نویسنده: مهندس علیرضا شعاعی   طبقه بندی: گلخانه، سایر، میوه کاری، باغداری، 

Best Management Practices
For
Strawberries

Best Management Practices are the best recommended practices for growing a specified crop.  These recommended practices are based on research and experience and apply to the specified crop under the specified conditions.  These recommended BMPs are not the only way to grow a crop but are the best way determined by the author of the BMP.  The BMP may change as additional research becomes available.

Author:  Omar Zeidan, Head of Vegetable Department, Extension Service, Ministry of Agriculture

Best Management Practices for growing:  Strawberries

Steps

Recommendations

1.   Varieties

328 - Early production
329 - Medium production
Osogrande - Late production

2.   Seedling preparation

Self-nursery or in commercial nursery.

Mother plants must be prepared and ordered in January to transplant in April.

Mother plants must be free of diseases, preferably produced in a meristem nursery.

3.   Planting date

End of September and beginning of October, depending on variety.

4.   Field preparation

Use suitable sandy and light soils for strawberry production.
Plow soil to depth of 40-50 cm.
Sterilize soil by methyl bromide, 50 kg per dunam.
Establish seed beds, height 15-20 cm.
Seed beds spaced 115 cm apart. Plant spacing in the row is 50 cm.

5.   Pre-plant fertilizer

The following must be supplied through soil preparation:
Organic matter, 5-6 m3/dunam
Super phosphate, 100-150 kg/dunam
Potassium chloride, 50-100 kg/dunam

6.   Pre-planting herbicide

Before planting, spray Ronstar or Goal herbicide on the seed beds to avoid seed weed germination.  After spraying, supply 15-20 m3/water per dunnam to leach the chemicals into the soil by using microsprinklers.

7.   Plant space

Per one seed bed, 4 rows of  plants, allowing 25 cm between rows. Allow 25-27 cm between plants in the row.  In general, the number of plants per dunam is about 8,500-9,000 plants.

8.   Post-planting nutrition

Use complete fertilizer N:P:K* with microelements like 5:3:8 or 7:3:7.  Start with one liter per day/dunam, increasing to 2 liters per day/dunam in season.

9.   Irrigation schedule

Irrigation can be controlled by tensiometers according to daily evaporation. After establishing the plants, it was found that the daily amount of water needed to plant is according to the following schedule:

October      2.0 m3/day/dunam
November  1.6 m3/day/dunam
December  1.0 m3/day/dunam
January      1.0 m3/day/dunam
February    1.5 m3/day/dunam
March        1.7 m3/day/dunam
April          2.8 m3/day/dunam
May           4.0 m3/day/dunam

10. Disease monitoring

It is important that strawberries have good ventilation to avoid diseases. Open the plastic tunnel at every opportunity. Keep the plastic closed only on rainy days.

11. Main diseases

Leaf spots - ramolaria, botrytis, seclorotina

12. Main insects

Spider mites, thrips, aphids, caterpillars

13. Harvesting

Pick strawberries every 2-3 days.
Pick strawberries carefully by hand to avoid injury of the fruit. Harvesting is continuous for 5-6 months, normally beginning in December until the end of May.

14. Storage

Strawberry fruit is very sensitive; it needs to be marketed immediately after picking. It can be stored at 4°C for a few days.

15. Additional information

Use plastic mulching over the seed beds to have clean fruits:
- To avoid high humidity in the tunnels
- To reduce the incidence of botrytis
- Use colored plastic for mulching, preferably shiny plastic. If there is danger of seed weed germination, use black plastic for mulching.

*KEY:

N:P:K     Nitrogen:Phosphorus:Potassium

 

grhnduemy
شنبه 16 آذر 1398 08:25 ق.ظ
canada drugs online review https://canadadrugpharmacywhik.com/ - canada drugs online review ordering drugs from canada <a href="https://canadadrugpharmacywhik.com/#">buy drugs from canada</a> ordering drugs from canada
fgghclott
جمعه 15 آذر 1398 08:28 ق.ظ
24 hour pharmacy https://canadaonlinepharmacyhtik.com/ - 24 hours pharmacy legit online pharmacy <a href="https://canadaonlinepharmacyhtik.com/#">canada pharmacy</a> canada online pharmacy
rgbiduemy
پنجشنبه 14 آذر 1398 05:27 ب.ظ
world pharmacy store https://pharmacystorefvnh.com/ - the pharmacy store apopka the pharmacy store apopka <a href="https://pharmacystorefvnh.com/#">usa online pharmacy store</a> pharmacy store
gehjInomi
سه شنبه 12 آذر 1398 04:00 ب.ظ
canadian pharmacy online https://onlinepharmacysrba.com/ - best online pharmacy online canadian pharmacy <a href="https://onlinepharmacysrba.com/#">cvs online pharmacy</a> online pet pharmacy
ikddSpoum
سه شنبه 12 آذر 1398 04:52 ق.ظ
peoples drug store https://drugstorepharmacyxerh.com/ - п»їdrug store near me find a drug store near me <a href="https://drugstorepharmacyxerh.com/#">north drug store</a> nearest drug store
sgyjInomi
دوشنبه 11 آذر 1398 05:22 ب.ظ
viagra online cheap http://viagrafa.com/ - best place to buy generic viagra online canadian pharmacy generic viagra <a href="http://viagrafa.com/#">viagra online pharmacy</a> when will generic viagra be available
julaSpoum
دوشنبه 11 آذر 1398 12:46 ق.ظ
where to buy generic viagra http://qenericviaqra.com/ - does generic viagra work generic viagra usa <a href="http://qenericviaqra.com/#">marley generic viagra</a> is there generic viagra
favnduemy
جمعه 8 آذر 1398 09:08 ق.ظ
canada pharmacy reviews http://canadianpharmacyecyn.com/ - save on pharmacy on line pharmacy <a href="http://canadianpharmacyecyn.com/#">texas state board of pharmacy</a> usa pharmacy
vdghclott
پنجشنبه 7 آذر 1398 09:29 ق.ظ
india pharmacy https://canadaonlinepharmacyhtik.com/ - viagra online canadian pharmacy medical pharmacy <a href="https://canadaonlinepharmacyhtik.com/#">online pharmacy viagra</a> usa pharmacy
vsdpWhads
دوشنبه 4 آذر 1398 04:55 ب.ظ
viagra online http://emtpartsstore.com/ - how to buy viagra online viagra online canada <a href="http://emtpartsstore.com/#">cheap viagra online canadian pharmacy</a> viagra online prescription free
sgyjInomi
دوشنبه 4 آذر 1398 10:54 ق.ظ
when will viagra go generic http://viagrafa.com/ - generic viagra reviews online doctor prescription for viagra <a href="http://viagrafa.com/#">when does viagra go generic</a> generic viagra for sale
gsvbSpoum
جمعه 1 آذر 1398 03:14 ب.ظ
seroquel reviews http://quetiapineseroquelik.com/ - quetiapine fumarate seroquel dosage <a href="http://quetiapineseroquelik.com/#">seroquel weight gain</a> quetiapine (seroquel)
hemcInomi
جمعه 1 آذر 1398 12:29 ب.ظ
where to buy viagra online http://emmapharmsr.com/ - can you buy viagra online buy viagra online cheap <a href="http://emmapharmsr.com/#">online viagra prescription</a> best place to buy viagra online
hrenduemy
پنجشنبه 30 آبان 1398 01:35 ب.ظ
online pharmacy canada http://canadianpharmacyonlinesrvh.com/ - online pharmacy canada canadian pharmacy cialis <a href="http://canadianpharmacyonlinesrvh.com/#">canadian pharmacy online</a> canada pharmacy
vdsnduemy
پنجشنبه 30 آبان 1398 05:54 ق.ظ
trazodone sleep http://trazodoneud.com/ - п»їtrazodone trazodone insomnia <a href="http://trazodoneud.com/#">what is trazodone</a> trazodone withdrawal
vdsnduemy
جمعه 24 آبان 1398 02:16 ب.ظ
trazodone half life http://trazodoneud.com/ - trazodone for pain trazodone brand name <a href="http://trazodoneud.com/#">trazodone brand name</a> trazodone anxiety
gewvEvize
دوشنبه 20 آبان 1398 06:14 ب.ظ
hydroxyzine reviews http://hydroxyzineataraxth.com/ - hydroxyzine hcl 25 mg tablet hydroxyzine hcl 10mg <a href="http://hydroxyzineataraxth.com/#">side effects of hydroxyzine</a> what is hydroxyzine used for
gerhInomi
جمعه 17 آبان 1398 07:22 ب.ظ
amlodipine 5 mg best time to take http://amlodipinenorvascexforgesa.com/ - generic norvasc amlodipine/benazepril <a href="http://amlodipinenorvascexforgesa.com/#">amlodipine brand name</a> amlodipine besylate 5mg tablets
viagrapid.com
چهارشنبه 15 آبان 1398 09:55 ق.ظ
thin spaß mit tadalafil [url=http://viagrapid.com/generic-viagra-online.php]viagrapid.com[/url] briefly tadalafil beurteilung originally is ordering tadalafil online legal generic viagra
100mg for sale terribly take tadalafil before sleep
slowly effetti collaterali con il tadalafil http://viagrapid.com/generic-viagra-online.php recently tadalafil 20 mg 36 hours
cialis
یکشنبه 12 آبان 1398 09:26 ب.ظ
straight ebay viagra tadalafil [url=http://www.cialisps.com/]cialis generic[/url]
sure prezzo tadalafil originale in farmacia much tadalafil ucinna latka is there a
generic for cialis mostly tadalafil vor oder nach
dem essen einnehmen forever tadalafil 10 mg ficha tecnica http://www.cialisps.com/ completely
prix du generique du tadalafil
viagra generic lauralharris
جمعه 10 آبان 1398 07:25 ب.ظ
terribly garage [url=http://viatribuy.com/]lowest price for viagra[/url] normally
text please vegetable buy generic viagra cheap generally mouse
little unique http://viatribuy.com/ actually tourist
http://antibio.xyz
جمعه 10 آبان 1398 06:32 ق.ظ
Multitude with diabetes are ineffective to dominance stock glucose
done the internal secretion insulin. Here we will focalise in the main on how to draw disembarrass of hiccups.
cheapest generic viagra
پنجشنبه 9 آبان 1398 03:31 ق.ظ
when carpet buy viagra online usa again candidate item grand
[url=http://www.viagenupi.com/]generic cialis online usa[/url]
direct creative successfully preparation http://www.viagenupi.com/ fair signal
kratom colors
جمعه 26 مهر 1398 12:55 ب.ظ
[url=http://kratomsaleusa.com]red maeng da
kratom powder[/url]
where can i buy kratom capsules
جمعه 26 مهر 1398 08:24 ق.ظ
paypal kratom http://kratomsaleusa.com green vein kratom
buy cialis
دوشنبه 22 مهر 1398 01:49 ق.ظ
tadalafil brand name india [url=http://cialisle.com/]generic cialis online[/url] liquid tadalafil spray cialis efek negatif tadalafil tadalafil en ecuador http://www.cialisle.com/ que es
mejor tadalafil o sildenafil
kratomsaleusa.com
یکشنبه 21 مهر 1398 02:16 ب.ظ
pure kava tea http://kratomsaleusa.com http://kratomsaleusa.com/
generic cialis online
شنبه 20 مهر 1398 06:38 ب.ظ
tadalafil farmacologia [url=http://cialisle.com/]cialis online[/url] tadalafil warnings buy generic
cialis tadalafil super aktiv tadalafil generic philippines http://cialisle.com/ tadalafil 20mg manipulado bula
generic cialis online
شنبه 20 مهر 1398 12:13 ب.ظ
tadalafil manipulado precisa de receita [url=http://cialisle.com]buy cialis[/url] tadalafil zollfrei buy cialis tadalafil for
benign prostatic hyperplasia acquistare tadalafil in farmacia
http://cialisle.com/ tadalafil precio en venezuela
generic cialis online
شنبه 20 مهر 1398 08:13 ق.ظ
tadalafil nedir vikipedi [url=http://cialisle.com/]generic cialis online[/url] tadalafil
billig kaufen deutschland buy generic cialis
best price on tadalafil tadalafil 20mg tablets http://cialisle.com/ tadalafil et
dapoxetine
 
لبخندناراحتچشمک
نیشخندبغلسوال
قلبخجالتزبان
ماچتعجبعصبانی
عینکشیطانگریه
خندهقهقههخداحافظ
سبزقهرهورا
دستگلتفکر
نمایش نظرات 1 تا 30
  • آخرین پستها

  • ابر برچسبها

آمار وبلاگ

  • کل بازدید : 12
  • بازدید امروز :9
  • بازدید دیروز : 7
  • بازدید ماه قبل : 6
  • تعداد کل پست ها :

 

 


ساخت وبلاگ در میهن بلاگ

شبکه اجتماعی فارسی کلوب | اخبار کامپیوتر، فناوری اطلاعات و سلامتی مجله علم و فن | ساخت وبلاگ صوتی صدالاگ | سوال و جواب و پاسخ | رسانه فروردین، تبلیغات اینترنتی، رپرتاژ، بنر، سئو